The Difference Between Refrigerants R22 and R410 Puron
At the heart of every air conditioning unit is the ac compressor. The purpose of the compressor is to circulate the refrigerant. Refrigerants are what make air conditioning possible. Contained inside the coils of an air conditioner, these liquid agents cool and dehumidify indoor air. There are currently 2 types of refrigerant being used in residential AC systems. R-22 and R410A.
R-22 has been used for decades as the refrigerant in central air conditioning systems. A major shift in the air conditioning industry began in 1992 phasing out R-22 in favor of R410A. The reason for this is because R-22 is less efficient and less environmentally friendly. The government mandated the shift to help make homes more efficient and reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases in to the environment.
Here are a few things to know about R-22
- As of 2010, R-22 is no longer allowed to be used in newly manufactured air conditioning systems
- R-22 is less capable of absorbing and releasing heat compared to R410, making it less energy efficient.
- The price of R-22 is rapidly on the rise as it is becoming phased out
- As R-22 is being eliminated, R410A has become the new standard for U.S. residential AC systems.
A few things to understand about R410A
- R410A does not contribute to the ozone depletion
- R410A absorbs and releases more heat allowing your AC to run cooler and reduces the risk of your compressor burning out and overheating
- R410A Can’t be used with R-22 systems
Although R-22 is available to replenish the older systems with leaks, the cost of these repairs is on the rise. If your air conditioning system is older and on the brink of it’s operating life, R410A might be a good reason to go ahead and replace your R-22 system to try and avoid rising costs of repairs.
If you have any questions about R-22 and R410A give Air Hawk Heating and Cooling a call at 813-929-4295 or 727-SAME-DAY.